Yazd Province

Yazd, Bride of Desert

To me and to many others, nothing is comparable with spending a night under the shallow ceiling of desert’s sky whose all shining stars seem reachable. Imagine you witness this beautiful scene in a quiet night of a very old city made out of clay, which can not easily get rid of the warmth the sun has granted during the day. With one third of Iran covered with deserts, having such a delightful night is not a hard work. One of the oldest, largest and most charming desert cities, lies somewhere in the middle of Iran, in the middle of ancient silk road. It is so beautiful that people call it “the pearl of desert”. The whole city is made out of clay and adobe; it seems that it has risen out of sand. Yazd’s architecture is unique. During its long history, Yazd and Yazdies have adapted themselves to the desert surrounding. It is also called, the city of “Badgirs”. Badgirs are that chimney like structures raised on the roofs of Yazdies’ houses. Of course they are not chimneys; they are kind of ancient and still working ventilation systems. They gather the even faintest breezes of the desert and channel them into the building below.

Fars Province

Fars province located in southern Iran, is one of the famous provinces of ancient and modern Iran. This expansive land has been the cradle of an ancient civilization, and governmental center of Iranian king of kings for centuries. Before the advent of Islam, the land has given birth to two great Iranian leaders, each of whom was the founder of a great dynasty, the Achaemenians ( Cyrus the Great ) and Sassanians (Ardashir Babakan). It is this heartland of Iran that has given its name to Persian Language “Farsi”. This is the land of historic monuments, poets and philosophers, warrior, and kings, orchards, roses and fragrant blossoms.

Qom Province

The province has an area of 10,743 sq.km and population of 1, 064, 456, in 2005. It is bounded by Tehran and Saveh to the north, Delijan, Kashan and Mahallat to the south, and the Salt lake, Ashtian and Tafresh to the East.

Qom city

The city of Qom has, for years, been the host to people interested in Holy Prophet of Islam Hazrat Mohammad (Peace be Upon Him and His Progeny) infallible household, coming to the area to visit the holy shrine of Hazrat Masoumeh (A.S.) the noble sister of Hazrat Ali Abn Mousa Al-Reza (A.S.), the 8th   Imam of the infallible household of Prophet Mohammad (PBHU) ,and the holy Mosque Jamkaran.

The seminary or the Islamic University, which serves as one of major centers for the propagation of religious sciences, has had an extraordinary influence on the cultural development of the city of Qom.

Northern Provinces

North of Iran (Shomal) is a favorite place of many Iranians. The provinces of 1)Gilan, 2)Mazandaran and 3)Golestan in the North have forests, mountains, and a coastal plain. They are located between the Alborz Mountain and the southernmost shores of Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea is the biggest lake in the world and contains 44% of the entire world’s lake water. It is 170m (561 feet) deep, nearly twice as deep as the Persian Gulf. Thanks to rain, main crops are rice, tea, and cotton. Delicious juicy oranges and other citrus fruits are from Mazandaran. Caviar, salmon, pike and perch are also found here. Some of highlights in the north are Rasht, Anzali Lagoon, historical and traditional village of Masouleh, tea farms of Lahijan, and Ramsar.

Khorassan province

Khorassan province, located at northeast of Iran, covering an area of 313000 square kms, is the largest province of country. Khorassan was a known name in last centuries, encompassed a wide cultural realm of which a great part presently exists in countries of Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.

Kermanshah Province

Located in the middle of the western part of Iran, Kermanshah province covers an area of 24,434 sq.Km. It is bounded on the north by the province of Kurdistan, in the south by the province of Lorestan and Ilam, on the east by Hamadan, and on the west by Iraq. It is cold in the mountain regions and mild in the plains. The most well known mountains are Kooh-e-Sefid, Paru, Bazi-Draz . The plains are in Kangavar, Sahnah and Islamabad district. These broad plains are watered by rivers such as Dinnor, Khorram Rood, Gamasyab and Gharasu. The mirages and several ponds such as Ravansar, Bistun and Songhor are some of the impressive natural beauties of the province. The beauty of nature in Richap, Taghe-e-Bostan and Bistun catch everyone’s eye.

Kerman  province

This province was known as ” Botia ”  in the Achaemenids period and in the Islamic era was counted as an important cultural center. It was under foreign domination many times. This province with an area of 186,422 Kms is located in south-east of Iran and enjoys a changeable climate, cold in mountainous areas and warm in plains.  Carpet, Cumin-seed, Pistachio, date, mineral reserves and traditional footwear are part of this province’s wealth.

Hormozgan Province

The province is primarily mountainous, consisting of the southern tip of the Zagros range. The province experiences a very hot and humid climate, with temperatures sometimes exceeding 120F (49C) in summers. There is very little precipitation year round. Hormozgan today has 11 ports, 5 national airports, and 3 international airports. The province has an active agriculture sector, ranking first in Iran in lime production and second in date production.

Hamadan province

Hamadan province is located in the west part of Iran. This province is bounded on the north by Zanjan province, on the south by Lorestan province, on the east by Markazi province, and on the west by Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces. Hamadan is one of the mountainous provinces of Iran. The highest point in this province is the Alvand peak, 3574 meters high. The major cities of the province are  Malayer, Nahavand, Twiserkan, Kabutarahang, and Assadabad.

Isfahan Province

Isfahan (or Esfahan) province is located in the central part of Iran, and covers an area of 105,263 Kilometers (66,600 sq. miles) consisting of plain  as well as mountainous areas. The province enjoys three different of climates: dry, semi-dry and semi-humid. But the larger part of province enjoys a temperate climate. There are several high mountains and rivers such as Zayandeh Rud that dominate its landscape. Due to enough water, agriculture and animal husbandry are of importance in this province. Being one of the most significant industrial centers in Iran, this province contains many large and small industries, including the heavy industries of ironworks. It is rich in natural resources, among which there are mines of coal, iron, zinc and lead.